One of the most common learning problems among children is reading and writing difficulties. In fact, it is estimated that around 10% of Spanish school-age children cannot read well. Difficulties in recognizing phonemes, the exchange of letters or problems in the line are some of the most common complications, although they are not the only ones. In this scenario, literacy reeducation techniques are a useful tool to re-teach children what they did not learn well at first.
What is literacy reeducation?
Literacy reeducation is a relatively recent concept that focuses on children’s reading or writing difficulties. It is a psychoeducational intervention whose objective is to re-educate children’s literacy skills so that children overcome their difficulties and can write or read normally.In other words, it consists of re-teaching children with literacy problems to read or write well, starting practically from scratch.
Unlike educational reinforcement, literacy reeducation does not focus exclusively on children’s performance in this area, but intervenes on the emotional and behavioral factors that affect their ability to learn. Likewise, it promotes autonomy and stimulates children’s self-esteem, while instilling adequate study habits to facilitate learning.
Its principles promote the use of standardized teaching strategies whose methodological effectiveness has been proven, but they also promote the development of the resources and potential of each child. From this approach, literacy reeducation makes it possible to compensate and / or improve deficiencies by stimulating personal skills. This makes it an ideal resource to stimulate potential, improve learning capacity and facilitate the achievement of academic objectives.
It is worth noting that to achieve good results it is essential to identify the deficiencies and main children’s strengths. For this reason, in most cases the implementation of this type of intervention is in charge of psychopedagogues, psychologists or teachers who have training in this area. However, there are some very simple literacy reeducation activities that work for most children with literacy problems that parents can implement at home.
5 activities to reeducate reading and writing in children
Basically, it is an exercise in which the children have to read aloud. Also known as expressive reading, it will not only improve the pronunciation of phonemes but also the rhythm and intonation. Its continued use also enhances communication skills in children and will help them gain ease and naturalness. The ideal is to choose a text that the little ones find interesting to motivate them and get them to do their best to understand the words. At the beginning, it is advisable to choose simple texts, with short sentences and words that they understand relatively well to facilitate their work, but as they gain skills, it is recommended to use more complex texts.
Write, read and act out sentences
Many children with literacy difficulties are easily overwhelmed when they come across a complex word. This exercise helps them to lose that fear and to relate to the phonemes in a more conscious way. The idea is to ask them to write a short sentence and then read it out loud. Then they will be asked to draw on another paper each of the words of the sentence with the figure it represents or a related one. The goal is for children to become familiar with words and associate them with positive stimuli, such as drawing. As little ones gain confidence, more complex terms can be introduced to stimulate their skills.
Copying of texts
Children who have difficulty recognizing written and spoken phonemes will learn to identify them easily with this simple re-education activity. The exercise consists of proposing short texts for them to read aloud and then copy them onto a sheet of paper. Without a doubt, it is a very complete activity that not only develops attention and memory, but also stimulates reading skills and promotes writing skills.To awaken children’s curiosity and motivation, it is recommended to use texts that are interesting to them or that their content resonates emotionally. At the beginning it is advisable to choose short texts with terms that are easy to pronounce and write, but as children gain skills, the complexity can gradually increase.
Although this exercise is especially recommended for children who make omissions or inversions while writing, it is also useful for training phoneme pronunciation. By working the words from their phonemes, children learn to identify and pronounce them more easily,an advantage that they will be able to use later to write or read more complex words or simple sentences. For the exercise, a list of words with different levels of difficulty must be drawn up and preferably with the syllabic structures in which the little ones have more problems. You will first pronounce each word and ask them to listen carefully. Then, you will break the word into syllables and ask the children to repeat them behind you. And finally, you will lengthen the syllables before repeating each complete word again. Children should repeat it too.
Elaboration of sentences
Another very useful exercise to apply literacy reeducation is to ask the children to repeat the phrases or sentences you tell them. Then they should copy it on a piece of paper and read them aloud. At the beginning it is recommended to bet on simple phrases and with a high emotional component to awaken the interest of children that you can elaborate on your own or take them out of a book. However, as the little ones master the activity, more complex words and slightly longer sentences should be included. You can also work on the words or phonemes that represent more difficulty for children, but including one at a time.